Jean Monnet Network on enforcement of EU law (EULEN)

YRP Projects Database

This is the public database of PhD and post-doctoral projects carried out by members of the EULEN YRP. Use the tags below to browse, or scroll down to see all of them.


Effective enforcement and risk-based inspections supported by artificial intelligence (by Luca Megale)

The project focuses on setting up innovative risk-based food safety inspections with the support of artificial intelligence and machine learning. The scope is to plan more targeted inspections, reduce related costs (for operators and public authorities, including the health system)... Read more →

The European Central Bank and the interaction between its two mandates: monetary policy of the Euro and banking supervision (by Pieterjan Heynen)

The European Central Bank (ECB) is responsible for both price stability and financial stability. The former is aimed at controlling inflation to maintain a stable Euro, whereas the latter is concerned with the financial health of the largest banks of... Read more →

The Normative Inefficiency for the International Protection of Forced Migration (A Ineficiência Normativa na Proteção Internacional da Migração Forçada) (by Ana Luíza Motta)

Ana Luíza’s research focuses on asylum law, refugee law, and migration law, demonstrating the true protection of people ‘on the move’. The content covers both international migration law and the extension to new forms of protection. In sequence, it addresses... Read more →

Enforcement of national and EU law by national regulatory authorities; in the sectors transport, competition, and food (by Roos Entius)

The research project concentrates on the enforcement of the EU (and national) legislation by national regulatory authorities specifically regarding the Netherlands, and the transport and competition (i.e. competition in the railway market), and the food sector. This interdisciplinary research at... Read more →

Machine-learning algorithms and regulatory agencies: Changing organizations and practices (by Lukas Lorenz)

Lukas’ PhD research focuses on the role of machine-learning algorithms in the regulatory domain. Regulatory agencies have a dual role in societies that increasingly rely on algorithms. First, regulatory agencies conduct oversight over the use of algorithms, which might require... Read more →

The transformation of discretionary power in European migration law. From unregulated executive freedom to sophisticated decision-making processes and (underestimated) inroads for migrant protection (by Jonas Bornemann)

In several national legal systems in Europe, early efforts to regulate immigration relied heavily on discretionary powers. Whereas immigration laws in Europe have come a long way since, discretionary powers did not disappear from the European legal landscape entirely. Rather,... Read more →

Free Markets and Democracy – The Role of EU Competition Law in Protecting the Right to Free and Plural Media on Traditional and New Media Markets (by Marta Sznajder)

In her research, Marta explores the relationship between free market and democracy through the lenses of EU and national competition laws. Given the global rise of populism and the crisis of liberal democracies, the interaction between free market, economic freedom,... Read more →

EU AFSJ Agencies and Bodies as Global Actors in the Fight against Crime: Accountability for Fundamental Rights Violations (by Elmin Omicevic)

To effectively prevent and combat transnational crime, EU agencies and bodies operating within the area of freedom, security and justice (AFSJ) increasingly cooperate with countries outside the EU. Although the performance of external activities undoubtedly boosts their operational efficiency, it... Read more →

Legislative differentiation and its impact on enforcement (by Michael Hübner)

Michael’s PhD research is about differentiation in EU legislation (e.g. national discretion). Traditionally, EU legislation was based on a model of European integration with uniform legal standards. However, the landscape of European legislation has gradually become much more heterogenic. Most... Read more →

Preserving indigenous culture or spreading multiculturalism in Europe?! Challenges of EU Migration Policy in Southern European Countries (by Tamar Todria)

European Union stipulates for the idea “Unity in Diversity” and in my research I will analyze how this particular motto  and idea works in practice. Will try to investigate how current European Union policy on migration works to ensure to... Read more →

Accountability in the composite multi-jurisdictional system of GDPR enforcement (by Lisette Mustert)

The design of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is an attempt at establishing a coherent and consistent data protection framework, backed by strong enforcement. While the GDPR offers a uniform system of substantive data protection rules, its enforcement is... Read more →

EU data protection: a super functional framework? Understanding and enhancing the functionality of EU data protection law for the benefit of fundamental rights in the area of information technologies (by Florence D’Ath)

This study conceptualizes the notion of legal functionality as the capability of a given law to provide practical tools to its addressees in order to achieve its objectives. This study then explores the functionality of EU data protection law with... Read more →

Who should provide the appropriate liquidity in the European post-resolution scenario? (by Pier Mario Lupinu)

The research project aims at identifying the authority that should be equipped with powers and tools in order to provide the appropriate level of liquidity to a distressed euro area financial institution which already faced a resolution procedure. Researcher Mr.... Read more →

Artificial Intelligence and Public Law: European Law, Constitutional Principles and Administrative Procedures (by Anna Barbara Zejc)

The subject of my thesis is the investigation of the use of artificial intelligence in administrative procedures affecting  European citizens, in particular the possible impact it may have in regard to the fundamental rights, as well as under the general principles... Read more →

Translating nature rules from the EU to the farmer: Dutch environmental cooperatives as regulatory intermediaries (by Edwin Alblas)

This research examines the potential of collective approaches in enhancing the effectiveness of agri-environmental policies, aimed at integrating biodiversity and landscape values into agricultural production processes. Within the EU context, the regulatory framework governing such policies flows most prominently from... Read more →

The legitimacy of EU competition fines – a structural comparison of European and national criminal investigation mechanisms (by Oliver Jany)

The fines imposed by the Commission have tremendously increased in recent years. Some scholars argue that they have always been or at least become “some sort of criminal law”. However, the extent and scope to which this results in criminal... Read more →

The European Union’s system of multi-level governance in competition policy: Varieties of competition policy approaches? (by Moritz Wassum)

In my PhD thesis, I investigate and analyse the competition policies of the European Union (EU) and its member states. In the EU system of multi-level governance competition policies are enforced jointly by the European Commission and national competition authorities... Read more →

Legal implications of predictive enforcement: The use of artificial intelligence and technology in predicting and preventing crime (by Kelly Blount)

Kelly’s PhD research focuses on the evolution of criminal law enforcement. Namely, her research analyzes the legal implications of using technology and artificial intelligence in predicting and preventing crime. The concept of a risk society has been elevated by the... Read more →

Networks and agencies for enforcement in the European Union. Comparative case studies in civil aviation safety policy and public health (by Laurens van Kreij)

Laurens’ PhD research focuses on developing a framework for the delegation of tasks for enforcement of European Union (EU) policies. By default, the EU member states enforce EU law vis-à-vis citizens and businesses. Some policies however, are (also) enforced through... Read more →